Improving productivity is a major objective of the KVK. Before implementation of activities, KVK has continuously given major thrust on assessment of Problems, Opportunities, Issues and Needs (POIN) of the farming community. Prior to finalization of annual action plan, KVK is analyzing the gaps in adoption of technologies and also collect the information about reasons behind it. Identification of the beneficiaries for training, demonstration, OFTs and other extension activities was done through these groups. This has helped to get a very positive response from the farming community.
Most of the on campus trainings were conducted for imparting the skills through practical training in the instructional units of the KVK. Improving productivity and self-employment generation are the basic objective behind the on campus skill oriented training programmes. Off campus trainings are conducted in the villages particularly on the farmers field where the method demonstration as well as technological output shown to the trainees. The field of the innovative farmers are the venue to conduct off campus training programmes. After training programmes, necessary inputs, services and consultancies were made available so that the technology adoption could be improved. Most of the training programmes were interlinked with the demonstration and trials that were conducted to extend solution to the location specific problems and to improve the productivity.
Similarly some programmes were focused to reduce the cost of production, ensure natural resource management particularly soil and water besides improving quality of the produce, where as some programmes were focused for agriculture diversification based on market demand and available local resources. For employment generation through vocational training, KVK has developed instructional units for imparting skill and practical training. Besides technical skill, KVK has also provided managerial skill so that the trainees can also build up confidence of management of the enterprise. KVK has also developed the linkages with different credit and marketing agencies, NABARD and other development departments. Replication of technologies among the farming communities through extension functionaries of line departments and NGO is also an important mandate of KVK. Apart from the recommendations of NARS, the results obtained from different FLDs and OFTs were included in the course curriculum so that the location specific technologies can be faster disseminated through these extension functionaries.
Front Line Demonstration is one of important mandate of KVK through which KVK demonstrated the important technology to the farmers. FLD was focused on major commodities of the district and the technologies available were used to solve the problems.Under FLD programme major cereals, oilseeds, pulses, cash crops, horticulture crops were covered. The problems of the particular farming situation were studied and available technologies from the parent SAU or NARS is being demonstrated so that farmers could get the maximum returns.
Major focus was to reduce the chemical pesticides and fertilizers so that cost of production can also be reduced. Integrated Pest Management (IPM), Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) is the concepts commonly followed in different crops. Through FLDs, new varieties were also disseminated among the farmers.
Use of biopesticides and biofertilizers, use of vermicompost and vermiwash, different pruning technologies etc. are some of the important technologies given to farmers. animal husbandry and dairy science, up-gradation of local goat and poultry was the focus area.
Improve the quality of milk, control of ecto-endo parasites, different feeds and fodder crops are the important technologies given by the KVK.
KVK has given emphasis on improving productivity of oilseeds and pulses. The farmers are adopting the technological options like use of biofertilizers, foliar feeding of nutrients, micronutrients and water management.
FLD was conducted mainly for demonstration of high yielding varieties and IPM for pest and disease management.
Technology Assessment and Refinement (TAR) is one of the most important mandates of the KVK for which On Farm Trials (OFT) are being conducted. The main objective behind TAR is to provide technology to location specific problems to sustain the agriculture. OFT are normally conducted for assessment of proven technology if present technology as well as fine tuning of the technology under various farming situations for understanding its suitability in the farmers’ field.
OFTs were conducted and the results were further demonstrated and transferred among the farmers through different programmes of KVK. The results were discussed in various scientific meetings and seminars. While training to extension functionaries, due care was also taken to extend the refined technology for further dissemination.
KVK is organizing various extension activities for dissemination of the technologies developed under demonstrations and OFTs. Due to organization of extension activities, the outreach of the KVK has increased. KVK is organizing different activities, like exposure visits, group discussions, workshop and seminars, ex-trainees meet, exhibitions for the members of the Farmers Club. Various mass media have played a key role in dissemination of technologies from the KVK.